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Map Belgien

Mit Google My Maps erstellt. Belgien. Nutzungsbedingungen. 10 km. This map was created by a user. Learn how to create your own. Konto verwalten. Plakat Brugge Belgien Belgium Minimalist Map - Poster,City Map, Dekoration, Geschenk: ccileuven.be: Handmade. Beschreibung. BeschreibungBelgium location ccileuven.be Deutsch: Positionskarte von Belgien. Quadratische Plattkarte, N-S.

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Keep in contact Don't miss out on news and tips for your travels. Subscribe to the ViaMichelin newsletter. However, when the country's statistics were measured in , a new calculation method was used.

Belgium has three main geographical regions; the coastal plain in the northwest and the central plateau both belong to the Anglo-Belgian Basin, and the Ardennes uplands in the southeast to the Hercynian orogenic belt.

The coastal plain consists mainly of sand dunes and polders. Further inland lies a smooth, slowly rising landscape irrigated by numerous waterways, with fertile valleys and the northeastern sandy plain of the Campine Kempen.

The thickly forested hills and plateaus of the Ardennes are more rugged and rocky with caves and small gorges. The climate is maritime temperate with significant precipitation in all seasons Köppen climate classification : Cfb , like most of northwest Europe.

The territory of Belgium is divided into three Regions, two of which, the Flemish Region and Walloon Region , are in turn subdivided into provinces ; the third Region, the Brussels Capital Region , is neither a province nor a part of a province.

Belgium is a constitutional , popular monarchy and a federal parliamentary democracy. The bicameral federal parliament is composed of a Senate and a Chamber of Representatives.

The former is made up of 50 senators appointed by the parliaments of the communities and regions and 10 co-opted senators. Prior to , most of the Senate's members were directly elected.

The Chamber 's representatives are elected under a proportional voting system from 11 electoral districts. Belgium has compulsory voting and thus maintains one of the highest rates of voter turnout in the world.

The King currently Philippe is the head of state , though with limited prerogatives. He appoints ministers, including a Prime Minister, that have the confidence of the Chamber of Representatives to form the federal government.

The Council of Ministers is composed of no more than fifteen members. With the possible exception of the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers is composed of an equal number of Dutch-speaking members and French-speaking members.

The Court of Cassation is the court of last resort, with the courts of appeal one level below. Belgium's political institutions are complex; most political power is organized around the need to represent the main cultural communities.

A string of Christian Democrat coalition governments from was broken in after the first dioxin crisis , a major food contamination scandal. The government led by Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt from to achieved a balanced budget, some tax reforms , a labor-market reform, scheduled nuclear phase-out and instigated legislation allowing more stringent war crime and more lenient soft drug usage prosecution.

Restrictions on withholding euthanasia were reduced and same-sex marriage legalized. The government promoted active diplomacy in Africa [59] and opposed the invasion of Iraq.

Verhofstadt's coalition fared badly in the June elections. For more than a year, the country experienced a political crisis.

On that day a new government , led by Flemish Christian Democrat Yves Leterme , the actual winner of the federal elections of June , was sworn in by the king.

On 15 July Leterme announced the resignation of the cabinet to the king, as no progress in constitutional reforms had been made.

A few hours later, the new government under Prime Minister Yves Leterme was sworn in. On 22 April , Leterme again offered the resignation of his cabinet to the king [69] after one of the coalition partners, the OpenVLD , withdrew from the government, and on 26 April King Albert officially accepted the resignation.

By 30 March this set a new world record for the elapsed time without an official government, previously held by war-torn Iraq. The federal election coinciding with the regional elections resulted in a further electoral gain for the Flemish nationalist N-VA, although the incumbent coalition composed of Flemish and French-speaking Social Democrats, Liberals, and Christian Democrats maintains a solid majority in Parliament and in all electoral constituencies.

It is the first time N-VA is part of the federal cabinet, while the French-speaking side is represented only by the MR, which achieved a minority of the public votes in Wallonia.

Following a usage which can be traced back to the Burgundian and Habsburg courts, [73] in the 19th century it was necessary to speak French to belong to the governing upper class, and those who could only speak Dutch were effectively second-class citizens.

While the people in Southern Belgium spoke French or dialects of French, and most Brusselers adopted French as their first language, the Flemings refused to do so and succeeded progressively in making Dutch an equal language in the education system.

Based on the four language areas defined in —63 the Dutch, bilingual, French and German language areas , consecutive revisions of the country's constitution in , , and established a unique form of a federal state with segregated political power into three levels: [77] [78].

The constitutional language areas determine the official languages in their municipalities, as well as the geographical limits of the empowered institutions for specific matters.

The overlapping boundaries of the Regions and Communities have created two notable peculiarities: the territory of the Brussels-Capital Region which came into existence nearly a decade after the other regions is included in both the Flemish and French Communities, and the territory of the German-speaking Community lies wholly within the Walloon Region.

Conflicts about jurisdiction between the bodies are resolved by the Constitutional Court of Belgium. The structure is intended as a compromise to allow different cultures to live together peacefully.

The Federal State's authority includes justice, defense, federal police, social security, nuclear energy, monetary policy and public debt, and other aspects of public finances.

It controls substantial parts of public health, home affairs and foreign affairs. Communities exercise their authority only within linguistically determined geographical boundaries, originally oriented towards the individuals of a Community's language: culture including audiovisual media , education and the use of the relevant language.

Extensions to personal matters less directly connected with language comprise health policy curative and preventive medicine and assistance to individuals protection of youth, social welfare, aid to families, immigrant assistance services, and so on.

Regions have authority in fields that can be broadly associated with their territory. These include economy, employment, agriculture, water policy, housing, public works, energy, transport, the environment, town and country planning, nature conservation, credit and foreign trade.

They supervise the provinces, municipalities and intercommunal utility companies. In several fields, the different levels each have their own say on specifics.

With education, for instance, the autonomy of the Communities neither includes decisions about the compulsory aspect nor allows for setting minimum requirements for awarding qualifications, which remain federal matters.

The treaty-making power of the Regions' and Communities' Governments is the broadest of all the Federating units of all the Federations all over the world.

Because of its location at the crossroads of Western Europe , Belgium has historically been the route of invading armies from its larger neighbors.

With virtually defenseless borders, Belgium has traditionally sought to avoid domination by the more powerful nations which surround it through a policy of mediation.

The Belgians have been strong advocates of European integration. The Belgian Armed Forces have about 47, active troops.

The operational commands of the four components are subordinate to the Staff Department for Operations and Training of the Ministry of Defense , which is headed by the Assistant Chief of Staff Operations and Training , and to the Chief of Defense.

The effects of the Second World War made collective security a priority for Belgian foreign policy. This mission was the first in a long line of UN missions which the Belgians supported.

Belgium's strongly globalized economy [91] and its transport infrastructure are integrated with the rest of Europe. Its location at the heart of a highly industrialized region helped make it the world's 15th largest trading nation in Its main exports are machinery and equipment, chemicals, finished diamonds, metals and metal products, and foodstuffs.

The Belgian economy is heavily service-oriented and shows a dual nature: a dynamic Flemish economy and a Walloon economy that lags behind.

Since , through the Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union , Belgium and Luxembourg have been a single trade market with customs and currency union.

Belgium was the first continental European country to undergo the Industrial Revolution , in the early 19th century. The and oil crises sent the economy into a recession; it was particularly prolonged in Wallonia, where the steel industry had become less competitive and experienced a serious decline.

As of [update] , the budget was balanced and public debt was equal to Unemployment rates of 8. By October , this had grown to 8. Belgium switched to the euro in , with the first sets of euro coins being minted in From a biological resource perspective, Belgium has a low endowment: Belgium's biocapacity adds up to only 0.

This means they required about eight times as much biocapacity as Belgium contains. As a result, Belgium was running a biocapacity deficit of 5.

Belgium experiences some of the most congested traffic in Europe. In , commuters to the cities of Brussels and Antwerp spent respectively 65 and 64 hours a year in traffic jams.

There is a large economic gap between Flanders and Wallonia. Wallonia was historically wealthy compared to Flanders, mostly due to its heavy industries , but the decline of the steel industry post-World War II led to the region's rapid decline, whereas Flanders rose swiftly.

Since then, Flanders has been prosperous, among the wealthiest regions in Europe, whereas Wallonia has been languishing. As of , the unemployment rate of Wallonia is over double that of Flanders.

The divide has played a key part in the tensions between the Flemish and Walloons in addition to the already-existing language divide. Pro-independence movements have gained high popularity in Flanders as a consequence.

Contributions to the development of science and technology have appeared throughout the country's history. The 16th century Early Modern flourishing of Western Europe included cartographer Gerardus Mercator , anatomist Andreas Vesalius , herbalist Rembert Dodoens [] [] [] [] and mathematician Simon Stevin among the most influential scientists.

Bakelite was developed in — by Leo Baekeland. In , he started a series of conferences, the Solvay Conferences on Physics and Chemistry, which have had a deep impact on the evolution of quantum physics and chemistry.

As of 1 January , the total population of Belgium according to its population register was 11,, The most densely populated province is Antwerp , the least densely populated province is Luxembourg.

As of January , the Flemish Region had a population of 6,, Wallonia had a population of 3,, The Brussels Capital Region has 1,, inhabitants In the average total fertility rate TFR across Belgium was 1.

The prevalent foreign nationals were Italian , , French , , Dutch , , Moroccan 80, , Portuguese 43, , Spanish 42, , Turkish 39, and German 37, Of these, , 6.

Since the modification of the Belgian nationality law in more than 1. The largest group of immigrants and their descendants in Belgium are Moroccans.

Belgium has three official languages: Dutch, French and German. A number of non-official minority languages are spoken as well. French-speaking Belgians are often referred to as Walloons, although the French speakers in Brussels are not Walloons.

The total number of native Dutch speakers is estimated to be about 6. Roughly 23, more German speakers live in municipalities near the official Community.

Both Belgian Dutch and Belgian French have minor differences in vocabulary and semantic nuances from the varieties spoken respectively in the Netherlands and France.

Many Flemish people still speak dialects of Dutch in their local environment. Walloon , considered either as a dialect of French or a distinct Romance language , [] [] is now only understood and spoken occasionally, mostly by elderly people.

Walloon is divided into four dialects, which along with those of Picard , [] are rarely used in public life and have largely been replaced by French.

Since the country's independence, Roman Catholicism , counterbalanced by strong freethought movements, has had an important role in Belgium's politics.

Roman Catholicism has traditionally been Belgium's majority religion; being especially strong in Flanders. According to the Eurobarometer , Protestants comprised 2.

Non-religious people comprised A further 5. Symbolically and materially, the Roman Catholic Church remains in a favorable position.

In the early s, there were approximately 42, Jews in Belgium. The Jewish Community of Antwerp numbering some 18, is one of the largest in Europe, and one of the last places in the world where Yiddish is the primary language of a large Jewish community mirroring certain Orthodox and Hasidic communities in New York, New Jersey, and Israel.

In addition, most Jewish children in Antwerp receive a Jewish education. This is particularly the case in eastern Wallonia and areas along the French border.

The largest group of immigrants in Belgium are Moroccans, with , people. The Turks are the third largest group, and the second largest Muslim ethnic group, numbering , The Belgians enjoy good health.

According to estimates, the average life expectancy is Death in Belgium is mainly due to heart and vascular disorders, neoplasms , disorders of the respiratory system and unnatural causes of death accidents, suicide.

Non-natural causes of death and cancer are the most common causes of death for females up to age 24 and males up to age Healthcare in Belgium is financed through both social security contributions and taxation.

Health insurance is compulsory. Health care is delivered by a mixed public and private system of independent medical practitioners and public, university and semi-private hospitals.

Health care service are payable by the patient and reimbursed later by health insurance institutions, but for ineligible categories of patients and services so-called 3rd party payment systems exist.

For the first time in Belgian history, the first child was euthanized following the 2-year mark of the removal of the euthanization age restrictions.

The child had been euthanized due to an incurable disease that was inflicted upon the child. Although there may have been some support for the euthanization there is a possibility of controversy due to the issue revolving around the subject of assisted suicide.

Education is compulsory from 6 to 18 years of age for Belgians. Mirroring the dual structure of the 19th-century Belgian political landscape, characterized by the Liberal and the Catholic parties , the educational system is segregated within a secular and a religious segment.

The secular branch of schooling is controlled by the communities, the provinces, or the municipalities, while religious, mainly Catholic branch education, is organized by religious authorities, although subsidized and supervised by the communities.

Despite its political and linguistic divisions , the region corresponding to today's Belgium has seen the flourishing of major artistic movements that have had tremendous influence on European art and culture.

Nowadays, to a certain extent, cultural life is concentrated within each language Community, and a variety of barriers have made a shared cultural sphere less pronounced.

Contributions to painting and architecture have been especially rich. The Mosan art , the Early Netherlandish , [] the Flemish Renaissance and Baroque painting [] and major examples of Romanesque , Gothic , Renaissance and Baroque architecture [] are milestones in the history of art.

While the 15th century's art in the Low Countries is dominated by the religious paintings of Jan van Eyck and Rogier van der Weyden , the 16th century is characterized by a broader panel of styles such as Peter Breughel 's landscape paintings and Lambert Lombard 's representation of the antique.

The avant-garde CoBrA movement appeared in the s, while the sculptor Panamarenko remains a remarkable figure in contemporary art. Belgian contributions to architecture also continued into the 19th and 20th centuries, including the work of Victor Horta and Henry van de Velde , who were major initiators of the Art Nouveau style.

The vocal music of the Franco-Flemish School developed in the southern part of the Low Countries and was an important contribution to Renaissance culture.

Contemporary popular music in Belgium is also of repute. Jazz musician Toots Thielemans and singer Jacques Brel have achieved global fame.

Nowadays, singer Stromae has been a musical revelation in Europe and beyond, having great success. In the heavy metal scene, bands like Machiavel , Channel Zero and Enthroned have a worldwide fan-base.

The poet and playwright Maurice Maeterlinck won the Nobel Prize in literature in Jacobs and Willy Vandersteen brought the Belgian cartoon strip industry a worldwide fame.

Belgian cinema has brought a number of mainly Flemish novels to life on-screen. Folklore plays a major role in Belgium's cultural life: the country has a comparatively high number of processions, cavalcades, parades, ' ommegangs ' and 'ducasses', [H] ' kermesse ' and other local festivals, nearly always with an originally religious or mythological background.

Originated in and revived in the s, the Gentse Feesten have become a modern tradition. Many highly ranked Belgian restaurants can be found in the most influential restaurant guides, such as the Michelin Guide.

Contrary to their name, french fries are claimed to have originated in Belgium, although their exact place of origin is uncertain. The national dishes are " steak and fries with salad", and " mussels with fries ".

Since the s, sports clubs and federations are organized separately within each language community. Belgians hold the most Tour de France victories of any country except France.

Philippe Gilbert is the world champion. Another modern well-known Belgian cyclist is Tom Boonen. With five victories in the Tour de France and numerous other cycling records, Belgian cyclist Eddy Merckx is regarded as one of the greatest cyclists of all time.

Belgium hosted the European Football Championships , and co-hosted the European Championships with the Netherlands. Kim Clijsters and Justine Henin both were Player of the Year in the Women's Tennis Association as they were ranked the number one female tennis player.

The Summer Olympics were held in Antwerp. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Country in Western Europe. This article is about the country in Western Europe.

For other uses, see Belgium disambiguation. For the city in the United States, see Belgique, Missouri. The flag's official proportions of are rarely seen; proportions of or similar are more common.

The Brussels region is the de facto capital, but the City of Brussels municipality is the de jure capital. Main article: History of Belgium.

Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in ours Gauls, the third.

Of all these, the Belgae are the strongest Main article: Geography of Belgium. East Flanders. Walloon Brabant.

West Flanders. Main article: Provinces of Belgium. Main articles: Politics of Belgium and Belgian federal government.

Philippe King of the Belgians since Main article: Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium. Main article: Foreign relations of Belgium.

Main article: Belgian Armed Forces. Main article: Economy of Belgium. Further information: Science and technology in Brussels , Science and technology in Flanders , and Science and technology in Wallonia.

Main article: Demographics of Belgium. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

June Main article: Languages of Belgium. Estimated distribution of primary languages in Belgium Dutch. Main article: Religion in Belgium. Main article: Healthcare in Belgium.

Main article: Education in Belgium. Main article: Culture of Belgium. Further information: Folklore of Belgium.

Main article: Belgian cuisine. Main article: Sport in Belgium. Belgium portal. In fact, there are only six such bodies because the Flemish Region merged into the Flemish Community.

This single Flemish body thus exercises powers about Community matters in the bilingual area of Brussels-Capital and in the Dutch language area, while about Regional matters only in Flanders.

Archived from the original on 27 August Retrieved 15 July Dutch: Flanders' 6. For a web source on this topic, see e.

Retrieved on 7 June The French word 'ducasse' refers also to a procession; the mentioned Processional Giants of Ath and Mons are part of each city's 'ducasse'.

European Commission. The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 7 February Retrieved 19 December Retrieved 29 February International Monetary Fund.

Retrieved 1 October Archived from the original on 20 March Retrieved 20 October Brussels, Belgium: Belgian House of Representatives.

May Archived PDF from the original on 10 August Retrieved 10 September Benchmark Books. Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 18 June Archived from the original on 2 October Retrieved 21 June Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia.

Archived from the original on 31 October The capital of Belgium, Brussels, is an enclave within Flanders. Archived from the original PDF on 26 June The country is divided into three autonomous regions: Dutch-speaking Flanders in the north, mostly French-speaking Brussels in the center as an enclave within Flanders and French-speaking Wallonia in the south, including the German-speaking Cantons de l'Est.

Archived from the original PDF on 31 October Brussels is a kind of enclave within Flanders—it has no direct link with Wallonia. Julius Caesar, De Bello Gallico , book 8, chapter Rezension zu Review of Cook, Bernard: Belgium.

A History in German. FH-Zeitung journal of the Fachhochschule. Retrieved 24 May War Poets Collection. Napier University's Business School.

Archived from the original on 11 May Archived from the original on 9 August Cockpit of Europe, Belgium, as the scene of so many battles between the Powers of Europe.

International models of peace and reconciliation—Diversity and civil society". Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 12 August EUbusiness, Richmond, UK.

Archived from the original on 7 October The Age of Imperialism Section 2. World History II. Archived from the original PDF on 25 September Retrieved 16 August Archived from the original on 24 May Retrieved 5 June Archived from the original on 2 February Retrieved 8 December Financial Times.

Retrieved 19 July Archived from the original on 23 January Retrieved 28 December World Health Organization. Archived PDF from the original on 5 August Archived from the original on 4 January Archived PDF from the original on 27 March Archived PDF from the original on 28 December History of Holland.

The University Press, Cambridge. Republished: Authorama. Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 15 December Archived from the original on 26 September Retrieved 9 June Sociological Analysis.

Archived PDF from the original on 2 November Retrieved 25 February Belgium and the February Revolution. Archived from the original on 28 June Retrieved 18 October Belgian Federal Government.

Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 20 July Archived from the original PDF on 14 June Retrieved 22 May Archived from the original on 24 December Retrieved 6 January The State of Africa.

Jonathan Ball. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press. BBC News. Retrieved 29 April Archived from the original on 19 March Retrieved 17 February Het Laatste Nieuws.

Archived from the original on 17 February Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 10 July Archived from the original on 17 December Retrieved 3 July Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 10 August Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Archived PDF from the original on 25 September Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. Archived from the original on 10 February Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 27 May Archived from the original PDF on 5 June Retrieved 8 May Floristic Regions of the World.

Crovello and A. University of California Press , Berkeley. Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Archived PDF from the original on 21 November Retrieved 22 June Belgian House of Representatives.

January Archived from the original PDF on 6 July Retrieved 26 June Archived from the original on 23 February Retrieved 30 March Archived from the original on 12 November Retrieved 26 November Department of States.

European Election Database. Norwegian Social Science Data Services. Archived from the original on 27 April Archived from the original on 1 August Retrieved 16 July Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 29 May Retrieved 20 May The Chamber of Representatives of Belgium.

Archived PDF from the original on 7 November Retrieved 25 May Tiscali UK. Archived from the original on 24 September The article shows an example of Belgium's recent [ when?

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You may unsubscribe at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link included in the newsletter. Belgium experiences some of the most congested traffic in Europe.

In , commuters to the cities of Brussels and Antwerp spent respectively 65 and 64 hours a year in traffic jams.

There is a large economic gap between Flanders and Wallonia. Wallonia was historically wealthy compared to Flanders, mostly due to its heavy industries , but the decline of the steel industry post-World War II led to the region's rapid decline, whereas Flanders rose swiftly.

Since then, Flanders has been prosperous, among the wealthiest regions in Europe, whereas Wallonia has been languishing.

As of , the unemployment rate of Wallonia is over double that of Flanders. The divide has played a key part in the tensions between the Flemish and Walloons in addition to the already-existing language divide.

Pro-independence movements have gained high popularity in Flanders as a consequence. Contributions to the development of science and technology have appeared throughout the country's history.

The 16th century Early Modern flourishing of Western Europe included cartographer Gerardus Mercator , anatomist Andreas Vesalius , herbalist Rembert Dodoens [] [] [] [] and mathematician Simon Stevin among the most influential scientists.

Bakelite was developed in — by Leo Baekeland. In , he started a series of conferences, the Solvay Conferences on Physics and Chemistry, which have had a deep impact on the evolution of quantum physics and chemistry.

As of 1 January , the total population of Belgium according to its population register was 11,, The most densely populated province is Antwerp , the least densely populated province is Luxembourg.

As of January , the Flemish Region had a population of 6,, Wallonia had a population of 3,, The Brussels Capital Region has 1,, inhabitants In the average total fertility rate TFR across Belgium was 1.

The prevalent foreign nationals were Italian , , French , , Dutch , , Moroccan 80, , Portuguese 43, , Spanish 42, , Turkish 39, and German 37, Of these, , 6.

Since the modification of the Belgian nationality law in more than 1. The largest group of immigrants and their descendants in Belgium are Moroccans.

Belgium has three official languages: Dutch, French and German. A number of non-official minority languages are spoken as well.

French-speaking Belgians are often referred to as Walloons, although the French speakers in Brussels are not Walloons. The total number of native Dutch speakers is estimated to be about 6.

Roughly 23, more German speakers live in municipalities near the official Community. Both Belgian Dutch and Belgian French have minor differences in vocabulary and semantic nuances from the varieties spoken respectively in the Netherlands and France.

Many Flemish people still speak dialects of Dutch in their local environment. Walloon , considered either as a dialect of French or a distinct Romance language , [] [] is now only understood and spoken occasionally, mostly by elderly people.

Walloon is divided into four dialects, which along with those of Picard , [] are rarely used in public life and have largely been replaced by French.

Since the country's independence, Roman Catholicism , counterbalanced by strong freethought movements, has had an important role in Belgium's politics.

Roman Catholicism has traditionally been Belgium's majority religion; being especially strong in Flanders. According to the Eurobarometer , Protestants comprised 2.

Non-religious people comprised A further 5. Symbolically and materially, the Roman Catholic Church remains in a favorable position.

In the early s, there were approximately 42, Jews in Belgium. The Jewish Community of Antwerp numbering some 18, is one of the largest in Europe, and one of the last places in the world where Yiddish is the primary language of a large Jewish community mirroring certain Orthodox and Hasidic communities in New York, New Jersey, and Israel.

In addition, most Jewish children in Antwerp receive a Jewish education. This is particularly the case in eastern Wallonia and areas along the French border.

The largest group of immigrants in Belgium are Moroccans, with , people. The Turks are the third largest group, and the second largest Muslim ethnic group, numbering , The Belgians enjoy good health.

According to estimates, the average life expectancy is Death in Belgium is mainly due to heart and vascular disorders, neoplasms , disorders of the respiratory system and unnatural causes of death accidents, suicide.

Non-natural causes of death and cancer are the most common causes of death for females up to age 24 and males up to age Healthcare in Belgium is financed through both social security contributions and taxation.

Health insurance is compulsory. Health care is delivered by a mixed public and private system of independent medical practitioners and public, university and semi-private hospitals.

Health care service are payable by the patient and reimbursed later by health insurance institutions, but for ineligible categories of patients and services so-called 3rd party payment systems exist.

For the first time in Belgian history, the first child was euthanized following the 2-year mark of the removal of the euthanization age restrictions.

The child had been euthanized due to an incurable disease that was inflicted upon the child. Although there may have been some support for the euthanization there is a possibility of controversy due to the issue revolving around the subject of assisted suicide.

Education is compulsory from 6 to 18 years of age for Belgians. Mirroring the dual structure of the 19th-century Belgian political landscape, characterized by the Liberal and the Catholic parties , the educational system is segregated within a secular and a religious segment.

The secular branch of schooling is controlled by the communities, the provinces, or the municipalities, while religious, mainly Catholic branch education, is organized by religious authorities, although subsidized and supervised by the communities.

Despite its political and linguistic divisions , the region corresponding to today's Belgium has seen the flourishing of major artistic movements that have had tremendous influence on European art and culture.

Nowadays, to a certain extent, cultural life is concentrated within each language Community, and a variety of barriers have made a shared cultural sphere less pronounced.

Contributions to painting and architecture have been especially rich. The Mosan art , the Early Netherlandish , [] the Flemish Renaissance and Baroque painting [] and major examples of Romanesque , Gothic , Renaissance and Baroque architecture [] are milestones in the history of art.

While the 15th century's art in the Low Countries is dominated by the religious paintings of Jan van Eyck and Rogier van der Weyden , the 16th century is characterized by a broader panel of styles such as Peter Breughel 's landscape paintings and Lambert Lombard 's representation of the antique.

The avant-garde CoBrA movement appeared in the s, while the sculptor Panamarenko remains a remarkable figure in contemporary art. Belgian contributions to architecture also continued into the 19th and 20th centuries, including the work of Victor Horta and Henry van de Velde , who were major initiators of the Art Nouveau style.

The vocal music of the Franco-Flemish School developed in the southern part of the Low Countries and was an important contribution to Renaissance culture.

Contemporary popular music in Belgium is also of repute. Jazz musician Toots Thielemans and singer Jacques Brel have achieved global fame.

Nowadays, singer Stromae has been a musical revelation in Europe and beyond, having great success. In the heavy metal scene, bands like Machiavel , Channel Zero and Enthroned have a worldwide fan-base.

The poet and playwright Maurice Maeterlinck won the Nobel Prize in literature in Jacobs and Willy Vandersteen brought the Belgian cartoon strip industry a worldwide fame.

Belgian cinema has brought a number of mainly Flemish novels to life on-screen. Folklore plays a major role in Belgium's cultural life: the country has a comparatively high number of processions, cavalcades, parades, ' ommegangs ' and 'ducasses', [H] ' kermesse ' and other local festivals, nearly always with an originally religious or mythological background.

Originated in and revived in the s, the Gentse Feesten have become a modern tradition. Many highly ranked Belgian restaurants can be found in the most influential restaurant guides, such as the Michelin Guide.

Contrary to their name, french fries are claimed to have originated in Belgium, although their exact place of origin is uncertain. The national dishes are " steak and fries with salad", and " mussels with fries ".

Since the s, sports clubs and federations are organized separately within each language community. Belgians hold the most Tour de France victories of any country except France.

Philippe Gilbert is the world champion. Another modern well-known Belgian cyclist is Tom Boonen. With five victories in the Tour de France and numerous other cycling records, Belgian cyclist Eddy Merckx is regarded as one of the greatest cyclists of all time.

Belgium hosted the European Football Championships , and co-hosted the European Championships with the Netherlands.

Kim Clijsters and Justine Henin both were Player of the Year in the Women's Tennis Association as they were ranked the number one female tennis player.

The Summer Olympics were held in Antwerp. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Country in Western Europe. This article is about the country in Western Europe.

For other uses, see Belgium disambiguation. For the city in the United States, see Belgique, Missouri. The flag's official proportions of are rarely seen; proportions of or similar are more common.

The Brussels region is the de facto capital, but the City of Brussels municipality is the de jure capital. Main article: History of Belgium. Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in ours Gauls, the third.

Of all these, the Belgae are the strongest Main article: Geography of Belgium. East Flanders. Walloon Brabant. West Flanders.

Main article: Provinces of Belgium. Main articles: Politics of Belgium and Belgian federal government. Philippe King of the Belgians since Main article: Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium.

Main article: Foreign relations of Belgium. Main article: Belgian Armed Forces. Main article: Economy of Belgium. Further information: Science and technology in Brussels , Science and technology in Flanders , and Science and technology in Wallonia.

Main article: Demographics of Belgium. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

June Main article: Languages of Belgium. Estimated distribution of primary languages in Belgium Dutch.

Main article: Religion in Belgium. Main article: Healthcare in Belgium. Main article: Education in Belgium.

Main article: Culture of Belgium. Further information: Folklore of Belgium. Main article: Belgian cuisine.

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This single Flemish body thus exercises powers about Community matters in the bilingual area of Brussels-Capital and in the Dutch language area, while about Regional matters only in Flanders.

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